Text messaging

Text messaging, or texting, is the act of typing and sending a brief, electronic message between two or more mobile phones or fixed or portable devices over a phone network. The term originally referred to messages sent using the Short Message Service (SMS); it has grown to include messages containing image, video, and sound content (known as MMS messages. The sender of a text message is known as a texter, while the service itself has different colloquialisms depending on the region. It may simply be referred to as a text in North America, the United Kingdom, Australia and the Philippines, an SMS in most of mainland Europe, and a TMS or SMS in the Middle East and Asia. Text messages can be used to interact with automated systems to, for example, order products or services, or participate in contests. Advertisers and service providers use direct text marketing to message mobile phone users about promotions, payment due dates, etcetera instead of using mail, e-mail or voicemail. In a straight and concise definition for the purposes of this English Language article, text messaging by phones or mobile phones should include all 26 letters of the alphabet and 10 numerals, i.e., alpha-numeric messages, or text, to be sent by texter or received by the textee. 1920 - RCA Communications, New York introduced the first "telex" service.[citation needed] The first messages over RCA transatlantic circuits were sent between New York and London. Seven million words or 300,000 radiograms transmitted the first year. RCA t

day is known as Verizon Wireless.[citation needed] Alphanumeric messages have long been sent by radio using via Radiotelegraphy. Digital information began being sent using radio as early as 1971 by the University of Hawaii using ALOHAnet.[citation needed] Matti Makkonen has been referred to in different contexts as the "father of text messaging" but he rejects this epithet. "The SMS function is the result of extensive and open international cooperation, and GSM documents prove that it is based on the Franco-German proposal," he says. SMS messaging was used for the first time on 3 December 1992, when Neil Papworth, a 22-year-old test engineer for Sema Group in the UK[1] (now Airwide Solutions),[2] used a personal computer to send the text message "Merry Christmas" via the Vodafone network to the phone of Richard Jarvis.[3][4] Modern SMS text messaging is understood to be messaging from one mobile phone to another mobile phone. This was done first by Riku Pihkonen of Nokia in December 1993 in Finland using two Nokia mobile phones on the Radiolinja (now Elisa) network on the GSM standard.[citation needed] Radiolinja became the first network to offer commercial person-to-person SMS text messaging service in 1994. When Radiolinja's domestic competitor, Telecom Finland (now part of TeliaSonera) also launched SMS text messaging in 1995 and the two networks offered cross-network SMS functionality, Finland became the first nation where SMS text messaging was offered as a competitive as well as commercial basis.